Rheumatology is a specialty of medicine which deals with non surgical care of musculoskeletal and autoimmune diseases. Musculoskeletal diseases involve the joints, muscles, bone and tendons. They are a major cause of disability. Autoimmune diseases are conditions in which the immune system of the body treats its own tissues as foreign and tries to destroy them. Rheumatic diseases consist of more than 100 conditions that can have a profound effect on the ability to perform daily activities and damage internal organs. In the past, treatment of rheumatic diseases included just pain relieving medications and exercises, but in the last two decades, scientific knowledge has revolutionized the entire approach to management of these conditions.